Showing posts from April, 2016

IJOER: March 2016 Issue

Effect of losartan on functional and structural properties of conduit atery wall in young spontaneously hypertensive ratsAbstract— The effect of losartan on systolic blood pressure (SBP), function and structure of thoracic aorta and mesenteric artery was examined. Four-week-old Wistar rats, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), and SHR treated with losartan (20 mg/kg/day for 5 weeks) were used. SBP was measured by the tail-cuff method weekly. Isometric contraction of aortal rings and neurogenic contractions of mesenteric artery were studied in organ baths. For in vivo investigation after anesthesia, carotid artery was cannulated for SBP measurement and jugular vein for drug administration. Then thoracic aorta was processed according to electron microscopy procedure. In SHR (9-week-old) SBP and relative heart weight were increased, acetylcholine induced relaxation of phenylephrine-precontracted aortal rings was reduced compared to Wistar rats. In losartan treated SHR SBP and relative …